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November 22, 2019, 7:15 am UTC    
October 28, 2019 04:46AM
You wrote:

"You also appear to be relying on J. P. Allen's translation which, although usually fine and commendable, has a few notable (to me) shortcomings to be mindful of, One of these is that he consistently translates "Re" as "Sun" - a hugely prejudicial translation. (Faulkner much more correctly maintains an unbiased approach by translating "Re" as "Re" in just about all cases in the PT's). These texts will make much more sense if you understand that there was a Duality to "Re" - to the writers of these texts Re existed both as a solar entity AND ALSO as a polar entity. So when "Re" is spoken of as being at, near, or approached to or from, the "eastern side" of the sky - more often than not what is being talked about is the Polar Re in the circumpolar sky being at, near, or approached to or from, the "eastern side" of the circumpolar sky . "

You are correct, I have only J.P. Allen's translation, and I did notice he refers to the Sun often rather than Re, I'm curious about this, has he ever stated why? Is Faulkner's translation available online? Also, your references to Re's duality, could you reference where I can find "to the writers of these texts Re existed both as a solar entity AND ALSO as a polar entity." My understanding is Re took many forms, after sunset he enters the duat, where as Atum he is revivified, leaving the duat into the Ahket as Atum and raised by the scarab beetle above the horizon... where Atum is reborn as Re. I can't find any published references to Re as a polar entity.

Best,

B.A.Hokom
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